Latest Posts

Managing Loss and Discontinuities

The practice of Signal Integrity increasingly focuses on managing loss and discontinuities. Each system struggles with one or the other, making it imperative to determine which issue is dominant and respond appropriately. If your interconnect is long, you’ll likely grapple with loss. If it is short and/or modular, minimizing discontinuities becomes imperative. While long and short are simplifications that track with loss and discontinuities respectively, the challenge of managing thei...

Read More
Donald Telian, SiGuys - Guest Blogger 7/1/2020 Comments(0)

Signal Integrity, Then and Now

When I compare "Signal Integrity" now to what we practiced in the 1980s, it is unrecognizable. Integration has consumed the old task giving way to the new, and so the next generation will not practice the Signal Integrity of the previous. Not surprisingly, SI methodology has adapted to keep pace with a 10,000x increase in data rate and a 100,000x increase in integration. Indeed, I've seen major shifts in the practice of SI about every 10 years. Amidst that much change it's important to understan...

Read More
Donald Telian, SiGuys - Guest Blogger 6/15/2020 Comments(0)

Why Serial Links?

Author: Donald Telian , SI Guys - Guest Blogger Over the past couple decades every style of high-speed interface switched to serial transmission. I/O, Graphics, Disk, Backplanes, CPU, Long-Reach, Short-Reach, you name it - everything except memory . Serial technology is reliable, extensible, and will be with us for many years to come. In practice, Serial Links are now the primary focus of Signal Integrity. Yet serial links brought significant disruption to the industry. New signaling, new ...

Read More
Donald Telian, SiGuys - Guest Blogger 5/13/2020 Comments(0)

Simulators, Models, and the Next Great Thing

Author: Donald Telian, SiGuys - Guest Blogger Day one at my first engineering job and my manager is explaining the problem I need to solve. Signals need to transmit in a new configuration at a faster data rate than before, and it wasn't clear if it would work. Little did I know how many times I'd get handed that same problem in the decades to come. But this time was different. Fresh out of college, my mind was full of circuit theory, network nodal analysis and differential equations, so I prop...

Read More
Donald Telian, SiGuys - Guest Blogger 4/9/2020 Comments(0)

Simulating Serial Link Compliance

Author: Donald Telian, SI Guys - Guest Blogger Simulating a serial link typically involves confirming compliance with one of the many Serial Link Standards. PCIe, SATA, XFI, CEI, SFP+, USB, KR4, and so on. With over a dozen common standards - each with their own compliance nuances - this feels like it could be a vast and complex topic. Indeed, it takes a full-day class to address only the most popular standards. While serial links is the clear winner in signaling methods, there is no clear winne...

Read More
Donald Telian, SiGuys - Guest Blogger 3/9/2020 Comments(0)

Serial Link Equalization Primer

Author: Donald Telian , SI Guys - Guest Blogger Equalization is powerful. SerDes Serializer-Deserializer Equalization has enabled data rates we would not have thought possible, and it continues to be the secret sauce of serial links. While good performance depends on doing basic things in hardware Steps 1 to 6 , it is arguably the configuration of SerDes Equalization Settings SES, Step 7 that determines eye margins - as illustrated in Fixing Signal Integrity Issues in Software . As such, SI an...

Read More
Donald Telian, SiGuys - Guest Blogger 1/14/2020 Comments(0)